Chamomile Roman




Chamomile Roman, also known as English or Garden Chamomile, is a versatile and valuable herb with a wide range of uses. This low-growing perennial features delicate, daisy-like flowers and aromatic, feathery leaves.

It is well-known for its soothing and calming properties, making it a popular choice for herbal teas, medicinal preparations, and garden cultivation.

Usually available: All year
Life cycle: Perennial
Height: 10 – 30cm
Position: Sun / part shade
Soil preference: Well drained

Garden Use

Chamomile Roman is an excellent addition to any garden, particularly in herb gardens, rock gardens, or as a groundcover. Its compact growth habit and attractive flowers make it a visually appealing choice. It is also known to attract beneficial insects, such as bees and butterflies, promoting a healthy and diverse garden ecosystem.

Medicinal Use

Chamomile has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for its therapeutic properties. It is most commonly used as a mild sedative to promote relaxation and improve sleep quality.

Chamomile tea is often consumed to alleviate anxiety, stress, and digestive issues like indigestion and bloating. Externally, chamomile can be applied as a compress to soothe skin irritations, minor wounds, and inflammation.

Traditional Uses

In many cultures, chamomile has been valued for its medicinal properties. In ancient Egypt, it was used as an offering to the gods and as a remedy for fever and skin conditions.

In medieval Europe, chamomile was a popular strewing herb, used to freshen the air and deter pests. It was also used to flavor beer and other beverages before the widespread use of hops.

Culinary Use

Chamomile flowers can be used to make a soothing herbal tea, known for its apple-like flavor and aroma. The flowers can also be added to salads, desserts, and other dishes for a unique flavor and visual appeal. Chamomile is a common ingredient in herbal blends and can be used to infuse syrups, vinegars, and liqueurs.

Other Uses

Chamomile essential oil is widely used in aromatherapy for its calming and relaxing properties. It is also a popular ingredient in skincare and haircare products due to its soothing and anti-inflammatory effects. Dried chamomile flowers can be used to make sachets, dream pillows, and potpourri.

In a survival situation or for those interested in prepping, chamomile can be a valuable resource. Its medicinal properties can help alleviate stress, anxiety, and digestive issues, which are common in high-stress environments. Chamomile tea can be a soothing and comforting drink during challenging times.

Additionally, chamomile’s ability to grow in various conditions and its usefulness as a companion plant make it a worthwhile addition to a survival garden.

Growing Conditions and Climate

Chamomile Roman is well-suited to the temperate regions of Australia. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. It is relatively drought-tolerant once established and can handle poor soils. In Australia, it is best to sow chamomile seeds in spring or autumn and to protect young plants from frost. Regular harvesting of the flowers encourages continuous blooming throughout the growing season.

Interesting Facts and Gardening Tips

  • Chamomile is a member of the Asteraceae family, which also includes daisies, sunflowers, and chrysanthemums.
  • The word “chamomile” comes from the Greek words “chamai” (on the ground) and “melon” (apple), referring to its low-growing habit and apple-like scent.
  • Chamomile is known to be a good companion plant for many vegetables and herbs, as it can improve their growth and flavor.
  • To dry chamomile flowers for later use, spread them out on a clean, dry surface in a warm, well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight.

Complimentary Plants

Chamomile grows well with many other herbs and vegetables, including:

  • Mint
  • Basil
  • Oregano
  • Thyme
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Lavender
  • Brassicas (cabbage, broccoli, kale)
  • Cucumbers
  • Onions

Scientific Studies

Several scientific studies have investigated the potential health benefits of chamomile. A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2009) found that chamomile tea exhibited significant anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Another study in the Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology (2009) suggested that chamomile extract may have modest benefits for generalized anxiety disorder.


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