Lemon Grass




Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citratus) is a versatile and aromatic herb that offers a wide range of benefits for gardeners, chefs, and health enthusiasts. This perennial grass is native to South and Southeast Asia but thrives in various climates, including the tropical and subtropical regions of Australia.

Usually available: All year
Life cycle: Perennial
Height: 90cm – 1.5m
Position: Sun / part shade
Soil preference: Moist / well drained

Garden Use

Lemon Grass is an excellent addition to any garden, as it can be grown in the ground, in containers, or as a border plant. Its tall, slender leaves add a unique texture and visual appeal to the landscape. Lemon Grass is also known to repel mosquitoes and other insects, making it a natural pest control option.

Medicinal Use

Traditionally, Lemon Grass has been used to treat various ailments, such as digestive issues, fever, and headaches. Recent scientific studies have shown that Lemon Grass contains compounds with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. A study published in the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research found that Lemon Grass essential oil exhibited significant antibacterial activity against several pathogenic bacteria.

Culinary Use

Lemon Grass is a staple ingredient in many Asian cuisines, particularly in Thai, Vietnamese, and Indian dishes. Its citrusy, slightly sweet flavor pairs well with seafood, poultry, and vegetables. The tender inner stems can be finely chopped and added to soups, curries, stir-fries, and marinades. Lemon Grass tea is also a popular beverage, known for its refreshing taste and potential calming effects.

Other Uses

Lemon Grass essential oil is widely used in aromatherapy and cosmetics. Its fresh, citrusy scent is believed to have a calming and uplifting effect on the mind and body. The oil can be used in massage blends, bath products, and diffusers to create a relaxing atmosphere.

In a survival situation, Lemon Grass can be a valuable resource. Its leaves can be used to make a nutritious and hydrating tea, which may help alleviate thirst and provide essential vitamins and minerals. The plant’s insect-repelling properties can also help keep mosquitoes and other pests at bay, reducing the risk of insect-borne illnesses. Additionally, Lemon Grass essential oil can be used as a natural antiseptic for minor cuts and scrapes.

Growing Conditions and Climate

Lemon Grass thrives in full sun and well-draining soil. It is a hardy plant that can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. In Australia, Lemon Grass grows well in the tropical and subtropical regions of Queensland, New South Wales, and Western Australia.

It can also be grown in temperate regions, but may require protection from frost during the colder months.

Interesting Facts and Gardening Tips

  • Lemon Grass can grow up to 1.5 meters tall and 1 meter wide.
  • The plant can be propagated by dividing mature clumps or by planting stem cuttings.
  • Regularly pruning the leaves encourages new growth and prevents the plant from becoming woody.
  • Lemon Grass can be harvested throughout the growing season, as needed.

Complimentary Plants

Lemon Grass pairs well with other herbs and spices, such as basil, cilantro, mint, and ginger. It can also be planted alongside other insect-repelling plants, like marigolds and lavender, to create a natural pest control barrier in the garden.



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